Archive for February, 2012

Articles

15 February, 2012

In High Energy Physics on February 20, 2012 by physthjc

1) Dark Matter Phenomenology

  • Impact of semi-annihilations on dark matter phenomenology – an example of Z_N symmetric scalar dark matter.
    abstract:  We study the impact of semi-annihilations x_i x_j <-> x_k X, where x_i is any dark matter and X is any standard model particle, on dark matter phenomenology. We formulate minimal scalar dark matter models with an extra doublet and a complex singlet that predict non-trivial dark matter phenomenology with semi-annihilation processes for different discrete Abelian symmetries Z_N, N>2. We implement two such example models with Z_3 and Z_4 symmetry in micrOMEGAs and work out their phenomenology. We show that both semi-annihilations and annihilations involving only particles from two different dark matter sectors significantly modify the dark matter relic abundance in this type of models. We also study the possibility of dark matter direct detection in XENON100 in those models.

Articles

8 February, 2012

In High Energy Physics on February 9, 2012 by physthjc

1) Masses of a pair of semi-invisibly decaying particles

  • A novel technique for measuring masses of a pair of semi-invisibly decaying particles
    abstract:  Motivated by evidence for the existence of dark matter, many new physics models predict the pair production of new particles, followed by the decays into two invisible particles, leading to a momentum imbalance in the visible system. For the cases where all four components of the vector sum of the two `missing’ momenta are measured from the momentum imbalance, we present analytic solutions of the final state system in terms of measureable momenta, with the mass shell constraints taken into account. We then introduce new variables which allow the masses involved in the new physics process, including that of the dark matter particles, to be extracted. These are compared with a selection of variables in the literature, and possible applications at lepton and hadron colliders are discussed.

2) Pair-production anomaly

  • Indications for a pair-production anomaly from the propagation of VHE gamma-rays
    abstract:  In the recent years, the number of detected very high energy (VHE: E > 100 GeV) gamma-ray sources has increased rapidly. The sources have been observed at redshifts up to z = 0.536 without strong indications for the presence of absorption features in the energy spectra. Absorption is however expected due to pair-production processes of the propagating photons with the photon bath in intergalactic space. Even though this photon density is not well known, lower limits can be firmly set by the resolved emission from galaxy counts. Using this guaranteed background light, we investigate the behaviour of the energy spectra in the transition region from the optically thin to the optically thick regime. Among the sample of 50 energy spectra, 7 spectra cover the the range from optical depth $\tau < 1$ to $\tau > 2$. For these sources, the transition to $\tau > 2$ takes place at widely different energies ranging from 0.4 TeV to 21 TeV. Consistently, in all of these sources, an upturn of the absorption-corrected spectrum is visible at this transition with a combined significance of 4.2 standard deviations. Given the broad range of energies and redshifts covered by the sample, source-intrinsic features are unlikely to explain the observed effect. Systematic effects related to observations have been investigated and found to be not sufficient to account for the observed effect. The pair-production process seems to be suppressed in a similar way as expected in the extension of the standard model by a light (<neV) pseudoscalar (axion-like) particle.